From History Central:
1996 Taliban Capture Afghanistan At the end of September, the Taliban captured Kabul, the capital of Afghanistan.
The Taliban originated from a group of students studying at a fundamentalist Islamic school. In a period of two years, the insurgents took control of two-thirds of Afghanistan. Their advance was nearly unopposed.
Many welcomed the Taliban, as they brought the first stabilty to Afghanistan since the Soviet invasion of 1979. However, the Taliban instituted strict Islamic law in all areas that they controlled, and were ruthless to their opponents.
General Background From Various Sources: