Osama bin Laden

General Background:


BBC: Who is Osama Bin Laden?
BBC's September 18, 2001, article on Osama bin Laden, his sponsorship by the US and by Pakistan, and how he turned against the US.

ADL: Backgrounder - Osama bin Laden
The Anti-Defamation League profile of Osama bin Laden, international terrorist and Islamic extremist. Also contains a timeline.

PBS: Who Is Osama bin Laden and What Does He Want?
This interview, conducted by ABC's John Miller, was held at bin Laden's remote mountaintop camp in southern Afghanistan two months before the truck bombings of the U.S. embassies in East Africa.

CIA biographies and investigations of bin Laden, Al-Qaida, and terrorist attacks
The September 11 sourcebooks from the National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 55.

Bin Laden 1993 Interview with Robert Fisk
The subtitle of this interview, "Anti-Soviet warrior puts his army on the road to peace," gives a good idea of how mistaken we were about bin Laden's motives.


2011:

On May 2, 2011, Osama bin Laden was reported to have been killed by Navy SEALs in Pakistan. The operation was code-named "Operation Neptune Spear." Bin Laden's body was "buried at sea." 

Bin Laden's death: How the story unfolded (CNN)
A look back on the death of Osama on the second anniversary of Operation Neptune Spear.

Osama bin Laden Killed: 'Justice Is Done,' President Says
News of the reported death of Osama bin Laden as it was breaking.

Osama bin Laden is dead 
CBS coverage of the operation which is said to have killed bin Laden.

Osama bin Laden dead: Aftermath
US Special forces kill bin Laden; details of the shootout at Abbotabad. Live coverage preserved.


1998:

InfoPlease: People in the News
From the section about noteworthy people of 1998.

DoD: 1998 Fact Sheet on Osama bin Laden
Subtitle: "Saudi advocates destruction of United States." This U.S. government factsheet was distributed by the Defense Department August 20, 1998.

U.S. State Department: Press Release on the Indictment of bin Laden and Atef

Usama bin Laden and Muhammad Atef were indicted November 4 in Manhattan federal court for the August 7, 1998, bombings of the United States embassies in Nairobi, Kenya, and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, and for conspiring to kill American nationals outside of the United States.

Fact Sheet: Osama bin Ladin
The August 20, 1998 State Department fact sheet about Usama bin Ladin and what the United States knew about him as of that date.

CIA Fact Sheet: Osama bin Laden (Unclassified)
The text of the CIA's document about Usama bin Ladin, distributed by the US Department of Defense on August 20, 1998.

FBI: Press Release on the Indictment of bin Laden and Atef
Usama bin Laden and Muhammad Atef were indicted November 4 in Manhattan federal court for the August 7, 1998, bombings of the United States embassies in Nairobi, Kenya, and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, and for conspiring to kill American nationals outside of the United States.        

ICT: Osama bin Ladin: Marketing Terrorism 
International Policy Institute for Counter-Terrorism's article starts off comparing OBL to the CEO of a huge software company.

Text of Fatwah Urging Jihad Against Americans
Statement signed by Sheikh Usamah Bin-Muhammad Bin-Ladin; Ayman al-Zawahiri, leader of the Jihad Group in Egypt; Abu- Yasir Rifa'i Ahmad Taha, a leader of the Islamic Group; Sheikh Mir Hamzah, secretary of the Jamiat-ul-Ulema-e-Pakistan; and Fazlul Rahman, leader of the Jihad Movement in Bangladesh, first published in Al-Quds al-'Arabi on Febuary 23, 1998.


2000:

The Real Bin Laden
Mary Ann Weaver's article, first published in January of 2000, was reprinted in light of his involvement with the terrorist attacks on American soil.


2001:

FBI: Ten Most Wanted Terrorists: Usama bin Laden
Bin Laden's official wanted poster from the FBI site, says he is wanted for the murder of U.S. nationals outside the US; conspiracy to murder U.S. nationals outside the U.S., and attack on a federal facility resulting in death. (The document has since been updated to reflect his death.)

Sheikh Abdullah Azzam: Bin Laden's Spiritual Mentor
International Policy Institute for Counter-Terrorism article about bin Laden's mentor, a native of Jenin in the West Bank.


Post-2001:

Obama: Osama Bin Laden Dead
Contains the video of Barack Obama announcing the death of Osama bin Laden just after midnight on May 2, 2011.

White House Transcript: Press Briefing by Senior Administration Officials on the Killing of Osama bin Laden
Presents a transcript of the official press briefing after the raid and killing of Osama bin Laden.

PBS: Hunting bin Laden
Delves into who bin Laden was, what he wanted, the warnings which were missed, the trail of evidence, and interviews. Touches on the 1998 embassy bombings and the 2000 USS Cole attack, as well as the September 11, 2001 attacks.

CIA: The Final Chapter in the Hunt for Bin Ladin
Sets forth details about the last days of the terrorist leader, including a story about the SEALS operation, photographs, graphics, and messages from the public.



© Michelle Anderson 2001-2016