C

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Camp X-Ray:
The Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, which houses al-Qaeda and Taliban prisoners. 


car bomb:
An automobile used as a weapon by detonation of bombs. 

 

carrier:
Person or animal that is potentially a source of infection by carrying an infectious agent without visible symptoms of the disease.

 

cell:
The smallest unit within a guerrilla or terrorist group. A cell generally consists of two to five people dedicated to a terrorist cause. The formation of cells is born of the concept that an apparent "leaderless resistance" makes it hard for  to penetrate.

 

Central Intelligence Agency (CIA):
The federal agency responsible for gathering foreign intelligence.

 

chemical agent:
Toxic substances intended to be used for operations to debilitate, immobilize, or kill military or civilian personnel.

 

chemical ammunition:
Munitions, commonly a missile, bomb, rocket, or artillery shell, designed to deliver chemical agents.


chemical attack:
The intentional release of toxic liquid, gas or solid in order to poison the environment or people.

 

chemical warfare:
The use of toxic chemicals as weapons, not including herbicides used to defoliate battlegrounds or riot control agents such as tear gas or mace.

 

chemical weapons:
Weapons that produce effects on living targets via toxic chemical properties. Examples would be sarin, VX nerve gas, or mustard gas.

 

chemterrorism:
The use of chemical agents in a terrorist operation. Well-known chemical agents include sarin and VX nerve gas.

 

choking agent:
Compounds that injure primarily in the respiratory tract (i.e., nose, throat, and lungs). In extreme cases membranes swell up, lungs become filled with liquid, and death results from lack of oxygen.

 

Cipro:
Bayer's antibiotic which combats inhalation anthrax.

 

counterterrorism:
Measures used to prevent preempt, or retaliate against terrorist attacks.

 

cruise missile:
Guided missile which flies at a low altitude, following the terrain below. Silkworm, Seersucker, and Tomahawks are all examples of cruise missiles.

 

cutaneous:
Related to or entering through the skin.

 

cutaneous anthrax:
Contracted via broken skin. The infection spreads through the bloodstream causing cyanosis, shock, sweating, and finally death.

 

cyanide agents:
Used by Iraq in the Iran war against the Kurds in the 1980's, and also by the Nazis in the gas chambers of concentration camps, cyanide agents are colorless liquid which is inhaled in its gaseous form while liquid cyanide and cyanide salts are absorbed by the skin. Symptoms are headache, palpitations, dizziness, and respiratory problems followed later by vomiting, convulsions, respiratory failure and unconsciousness and eventually by death.

 

cyberterrorism:
Attacks on computer networks or systems, generally by hackers working with or for terrorist groups. Some forms of cyberterrorism include denial of service attacks, inserting viruses, or stealing data.

© Michelle Anderson 2001-2016